APGN Resolution on Climate Change and Renewable Energy: Taipei Accord | Asia Pacific Greens

APGN Resolution on Climate Change and Renewable Energy: Taipei Accord

(Drafted for 2nd Asia Pacific Greens Meeting 2010, Taipei) *1)

On the occasion of the 2nd APGN Conference in 2010, we Asia Pacific Greens Network (APGN) adopted the following resolution in Taipei, Taiwan.

Today, the urgency and seriousness of global warming is evident globally, and especially in the Asia-Pacific region. We are witnessing an unprecedented scale of a planet-wide catastrophe - drought, typhoons, hurricanes, floods, coastal erosion, rising temperature, desertification and the spread of diseases.

In order to respond to this global crisis, there is urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as much as possible, using an effective mix of mitigation policies to replace fossil fuels with renewable energy sources and strengthen the adaptation capacity and resilience of vulnerable communities.

We recognize that energy reduction, energy efficiency and the rapid development and spread of renewable energy have vital roles in achieving sustainable development in the Asia Pacific region.  However, this must be based upon the obvious requirement of an obligatory cap on fossil origin energy production or emissions.

What we call the “Green New Deal” policy is effective and necessary, but we Greens will fundamentally seek an alternative economy that de-emphasizes production, consumption and transportation. Therefore we advocate policies that do not simply yield to free market mechanism that prioritize constant economic growth.

We also recognize that the sustainable use of energy is of fundamental importance in almost all economic and social activities as well as indispensable for the development of public services such as education, health and communications.

From these points of view, we Asia Pacific Greens will take the following actions ―

1. Binding Targets

1.1 We Greens do not regard the Copenhagen Accord, led by UNFCCC in COP15 as a sufficient international agreement to promote climate policy. Instead, we support the standpoint that we must go forward to establish much more binding and comprehensive rules on a global scale by COP16 in Mexico, 2010. *2)

1.2 We Greens from Annex I countries in the Kyoto Protocol, will firstly call on the government to promise GHG reduction targets followed by a certain level of thorough research and policy details by 2012.

1.3 We will also call for a stronger and permanent campaign for their governments and industries to promise much higher binding, mandatory targets both by 2020 and 2050, to realise the large-scale reduction of GHG emissions with respect to the 1990 level.

1.4 Greens from the countries with high levels of emissions per capita such as Japan, South Korea, Australia or Taiwan should also call on their own citizens to do campaign so as to help promote effective ways to reduce emissions.  Greens should call on those citizens in their home countries who have benefited most from industrialization and economic development to be conscious of the climate impacts of their lifestyles and sources of livelihood. Such people bear the greatest responsibility for the climate related suffering of those left behind by industrialization and have sufficient means and security to pressure government and industry to reduce emissions.

1.5 We will take account of the latest scientific research results, precisely amending the goal for limiting the rise in global temperature to below 1.5 degrees Celsius, noting that total concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere must be lower than 350 ppm.

2. Adaptation

2.1 We Greens from industrialized countries in the Asia Pacific region will call on our respective government to ensure that they actively give direct financial and technical support to less industrialized countries to make the transition to sustainable energy resources and improve energy efficiency.

2.2 We will also demand that financing institutions make commitments to the renewable energy by only supporting only the projects with reduction mechanism and compensating for each project’s climate impact.

2.3 We will assist Island countries develop counter measures to deal with sea level rise, potential expansion of pandemics, destruction of biodiversity and ecosystems in the forest and the sea, and inundation of settlements that result in environmental refugees caused by climate change. We will be sincerely conscious of negative impacts of desertification such as China and Mongolia.

2.4 We Greens advocate the international community drafting a convention on assistance of climate refugees.

3. Mitigation

3.1 We Greens in the Asia Pacific region demand that all public sectors achieve GHG emission reductions through Green sustainable policies, such as introduction of high-rated carbon tax, rapid extension of energy saving building and housing, sustainable transportation system or TDM (Transportation Demand Management)*3)

3.2 We will reject waste incineration and nuclear power as the means of GHG emissions reduction. If your own country tries to introduce domestic emissions trading system as a means of GHG reduction, it must be based on direct compulsory cap on emissions by huge facilities, and achieve phased reduction of total amount of domestic emissions.

3.3 We Greens do not accept new innovations such as CCS(Carbon Capture and Storage) nor do we adopt bio-ethanol or bio-diesel fuel (BDF) as a means of clean energy which might lead to destruction of rainforests.

3.4 We will continue to strongly oppose the logging of natural growth or primary forests, including exploitation of rainforests in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Instead we will encourage replanting broadleaf trees that help avoid global warming by absorbing large amounts of CO2. We will also seek concrete solutions to reduce methane from livestock.

3.5 We Greens will strongly demand that individuals in industrialized countries should make an energy saving life. To achieve this, using household emissions accounting system is a good way as well as measuring daily economic activities of all sectors in accordance with carbon footprint. Globally extending “EcoVillage Movement” as well as creating “permaculture” should be a good guide to sustainable and ecological way of living.

4. Energy Conversion to Renewables

4.1 We Asia Pacific Greens will pressure our government and electricity companies to establish high-rate targets to implement renewable energy, and call on governments in each country to promote renewable energy and delivery and storage technologies in the most effective ways.  For example, industrialized countries are recommended to introduce a Gross Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) system for renewable energy generation, following successful cases in many countries all over the planet. Public sectors like governmental organizations or schools should be pledging to obtain at least a certain percentage of their electricity needs from renewable sources.

4.2 We Greens in Asia Pacific region will adopt a specific campaign to convert the entire region to renewable energy, such as solar, wind, geo-thermal, water, biomass, or new technology based on renewable energy resources.*4)  In spreading renewable energy power, we Greens will recommend and promote much more small, de-centralized and community-based facilities as well as huge power stations. Equipment of co-generation system should be made available as an effective way of energy reduction for all kinds of office buildings, factories, power plants and individual household.*5)

Notes:

*1) First APGN Resolution on Climate Change and Renewable Energy was adopted at the 1st APGN Conference in Kyoto, February 2005 (drafted by Shuji Imamoto and Margaret Blakers)

*2) In these respects, we Asia Pacific Greens allow and respect the position of the Barcelona Accord, adopted by European Green Parties (EGP) on March 21th, 2010:  http://europeangreens.eu/fileadmin/logos/pdf/pdf_barcelona/resolutions/1._Post_Copenhagen_-_Climate_Change.pdf

*3) On TDM, see to : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transportation_demand_management

*4) For example, See to the website of Rh2 Network : http://rh2.org/en/chapter01_02/

*5) is the case where you can produce electric power by yourself at home

This resolution draft was revised beforehand by:
Shuji Imamoto (ECOLO Japan), Robin Winkler (Green Party Taiwan), Inwhan Jung (Korea Greens),
Ozlod Boum-Yalaguch (Mongolian Green Movement), Kumi Kato (The Australian Greens),