The Asia-Pacific Greens Federation (APGF) is a federation of national Green parties, social and environmental organisations from countries across Asia and Oceania for realising the Global Greens Charter, whose values are:
The APGF operates through the:
In May 2000, 30 people representing 12 Green parties and political movements in Asia and the Pacific met for the first Asia Pacific Green Politics Workshop in Brisbane, hosted by the Australian Greens.
A big contingent came to the Global Greens conference in April 2001, and some to the European Greens meeting in Berlin in 2002.
At each step, there was discussion on the need to formalise and strengthen the Asia Pacific Greens Network with a follow-up conference.
2001: Global Greens 1st Congress, Canberra, Australia
Global Greens Congress 2001 was held in Canberra, Australia from 14-16 April, preceded by a meeting of Global Young Greens on 7-9 April, and the Rio+10 International Workshop, on 12-13 April (a collaboration between the Heinrich Böll Foundation, Friends of the Earth Australia and the Green Institute). Over 800 people attended from more than 70 countries.
The Global Greens Charter, our founding statement of principles, was negotiated and adopted by acclamation, after years of negotiation and days of Congress debate. Resolutions to establish communication and decision-making mechanisms were passed, enabling formation of the Global Greens Coordination and the Global Greens Network.
This was the first truly global meeting of the Greens and it was amazing! At the outset of the new century the Greens were positioned to play an important role in the politics of the 21st century. Watch the video from Global Greens 2001.
Resolutions passed by the first Global Greens Congress
The Asia-Pacific Greens Network (APGN) is formally launched at the 1st APGN Congress in Kyoto, Japan, hosted by the Rainbow and Greens Japan with the theme "Sowing Green Seeds in the Asia Pacific Region". The conference was attended by over 400 participants, including 52 delegates representing 27 Green parties and organisations based in 23 countries across the region. An interim structure for the network was established offering basic organisation for the continued cultivation of Green policies and practices in the Asia Pacific. Key congress outcomes include:
The 1st APGN Congress was enormously successful – in these three days new relationships were forged, we exchanged stories, shared ideas, and engaged in collective analysis and problem-solving. From the rich diversity of histories and particular circumstances we were overwhelmingly united by our common commitment to the Global Greens Charter, and expressed unanimous support for 11 resolutions on a diverse range of topics covering, for example:
2008: Global Greens 2nd Congress: São Paulo, Brazil
The 2005 1st APGN Congress in Kyoto adopted simple rules, including a set of basic criteria for membership and a Membership Panel to consider applications from Parties and Groups seeking membership status. However, it was not until the lead-up to GG08, the Global Greens Congress in 2008 in São Paulo, Brazil, that a significant number of membership applications were received. No doubt this resurgence of interest was driven by the need to be a member of a federation in order to have voting rights at São Paulo. During this time nine Parties and Groups from six different countries were granted full membership status, with others given “Associate Membership” or “Friends of the APGN” status as a result of either incomplete applications, or the organisation not meeting the membership criteria.
The 2008 Global Greens Congress in São Paulo, proved to be a significant milestone in the development of the APGN. A large number of participants from the Asia Pacific region attended the Congress, including groups of more than 10 participants from Australia, Japan, Pakistan and Taiwan and smaller numbers from a range of other countries. Participants from the region contributed significantly to the proceedings of the full Congress and also took part in a number of APGN meetings held during the Congress. In particular, two very successful APGN workshops were held (with about 100 participants) at which very positive discussions took place on the building of the network. In addition, the Membership Panel met on a number of occasions during the Congress.
Among the outcomes of these sessions was the adoption of mechanisms for consolidating the structure for the APGN itself. As a result two email lists were created to support ongoing discussion. The Delegates group served Full Members only, 3 delegates per country. An APGN forum, served as a discussion space for the general APGN community.
2010: Asia-Pacific Greens Network's 2nd Congress: Taipei, Taiwan.
Over 200 people attended, including representation from 17 Asia Pacific countries, 22 organisations from 15 countries who were undergoing the process of applying for APGN Membership. There were also many individuals and organisations attending from sympathetic political parties, community groups, governments or businesses – these people were interested to learn more about Green Parties in the region and the issues being discussed during the three day Congress; and over eighty young Taiwanese assisting the Congress in every possible way as volunteers. Specifically, attendees to the congress originated from Taiwan, Australia, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Sri Lanka, Tuvalu, Tibet, the Federated States of Micronesia and Fiji; and a number of observers from Greens Parties in Egypt, Germany, France, UK, Switzerland, and the USA.
The Congress provided an opportunity for people interested in the growth of green policies and reform to discuss how to build a new generation of green decision-makers in the region and how to develop the influence to promote reform.
The goals of the APGN gathering were:
See APGN Congress Outcomes for detailed reports. Outcomes include:
2012: Global Greens 2nd Congress: Dakar, Senegal
Over 400 Greens from 76 countries attended Dakar 2012, the third ever Global Greens Congress - and the first in Africa. Delegates discussed issues such as democracy, biodiversity, climate change and the future of the Global Greens movement, and adopted a series of resolutions (http://www.globalgreens.org/dakar2012/resolutions) to pave the way to a stronger and more cohesive green politics worldwide by shaping policies made by the 296 Parliamentary seats held by Greens at the national level in 2012 and will shape the ideology of nascent green grassroots movements around the world.
In the lead-up to the congress an important and first-ever census was conducted of Global Green members, including interviews with key stakeholders, a review of party international best practices, a review of academic literature, and produced a strategic report on the future function, structure, and resourcing of their organisation, see report attached below.
In response to the upcoming Rio+20 Summit, Greens emphasized the imperative to move quickly towards a Green economy globally, and on climate change, pushed for the adoption of international instruments to curb impacts of air and sea transport on climate.
Solidarity towards world populations like Tibetans and Syrians was unanimous, underlining democratic society and respect for human rights as central to green politics. The Global Greens also addressed the issue of Bhopal in a workshop, which resulted in a resolution accepted unanimously asking for the full accountability of Dow Chemical for the 1984 gas leak, one of the world's worst ever industrial catastrophes.
The Global Greens Charter was amended as well to include opposition to war crimes and sexualized violence.
The Congress generated a critical propulsion for the next stage of the Asia Pacific Greens Network’s (APGN) development. A full-day APGN meeting was held to address strategic issues for our region, and new dimensions in the APGN emerged with resolve to establish:
*Capacity Building for Political Engagement:
Ideology & Action:
Held in Wellington, New Zealand from June 12-14.
The APGF Network officially passed the APGF Constitution, and became the APGF Federation.
Details about all the workshops and resolutions passed at this congress can be found at the Congress Website.