Political Manifesto of Indonesian Green Union (Sarekat Hijau Indonesia) | Asia Pacific Greens

Political Manifesto of Indonesian Green Union (Sarekat Hijau Indonesia)

PDF in Bahasa Indonesia, Party website: http://sarekathijauindonesia.org


The nation multidimensional crisis has increased the threat of environmental disasters as well as increased severity of the people’s poverty. This situation is due to the workings of corrupts political and economic elite or the political oligarchy (the political system to be used as a means of personal and group interests only). This nation also treated as an object of foreign political economy forces that seized the sovereignty of nations and peoples. Series of this crisis has led to a threat against the rights of life and sources of people’s lives or led to the crisis of the people’s safety.

Civil society movement and the people’s movement succeeded in giving the political pressure to overthrow the government of Suharto’s authoritarian and fascist, but failed to build a new economic and political order of a sovereign and justice. The failure was partly caused by a lack of unity, collective platform (agenda), leadership and consolidation among the people’s movement.

Meanwhile, the political elite and economic power which inherit the previous ruler character, has managed to consolidate his power back in the political spaces (legislative, judiciary and executive) and also civil society.

This situation has been further destroying the values of intra-and inter-generational sovereignty and justice which in turn has created the impoverishment of the people. The decline of sovereignty was marked by the loss of self-determination both at the state level until the smallest level of political units. Then the slump of justice values is apparent from the imbalance distribution of benefits and even loss of people’s rights over land, water and natural wealth that contained therein.

Inequality experienced by this nation is also a global picture of inequality in the world where the wealth and assets controlled by a handful of people from the majority of the people in the world. High levels of prosperity enjoyed by a handful of people can be held because the exploitation of natural resources and social capital in third world countries or poorer countries, as well as against the more vulnerable groups in general. On the other hand lifestyles, consumption patterns and welfare levels of a handful of people are responsible for environmental damage in countries that become sources of blind exploitation. This excessive consumption patterns have led to the emergence of the threat of environmental damage that has a global dimension.

All this can be occurred because the necessity of greed-driven motives as underlying logic of capitalism system where accumulated amounting profits have to be gain by the lowest possible cost (raw materials, labor, financial capital, the cost of waste management / environment, including reduced competition, freedom to move investments, etc)

Economic exploitation on the one hand and the destruction of the environment on the other side even now has causing a crisis or threat to the sustainability of order and sources of the people’s livelihoods.

The shifting of resources control from the state or the people to the investor has lead the state and people could not make the production process, causing severe social inequality and divide people into groups that have the purchasing power (daya beli) and who have no purchasing power. The access and control over land, production equipment and the sources of life by economic or political elites has led the collapse of production capacity and local self-reliance and ultimately increased reliance from others in meeting the needs of local people. The social capital has collapse due to paralysis of the state by the operation of the global capitalism machinery. The failure of local institutions has caused the inability to self regulate and the self organize of the own life. People’s basic needs for water, energy and food are not met within the next 10 years especially in Java. Decreasing of access to jobs, rising unemployment and rising crime occurred in both urban and rural areas. The rate of uncontrolled consumption caused by consumerism and the lack of regulation led to the bankruptcy of the order of life. Poverty increased due to policies that do not consider the facts and the realities of climate and disaster vulnerability maps.  Water scarcity and access inequality had increased conflict and poverty in Indonesia. Social capital had been shattered because of pandemic infectious diseases and chronic metabolic diseases caused by pollution and environmental destruction in Indonesia. The loss of the people’s right of the people on environmental justice.

Seeing the potential of this destruction, sovereignty, justice, security and environmental sustainability (ecological) needs to restore as the main values of society in determining overall system settings and launch the agenda of the nation to oppose the new colonialism and exploitation and also to increase prosperity and standard living of the people. This new order must include the 4 core values are:

People’s Democracy

All men are political creatures. Political struggle not only done in parliament, but must be executed in daily life by all members of society. Responsibility and political action can not necessarily be represented by the parliament or the elected representatives through elections, but should be the responsibility and political action every day from throughout the community ranging from smallest communities to the state’s level. The struggle to realize democracy is not only aimed at democratizing the country, but it also includes strengthening the autonomy of civil society to use the power and continuously influence the state as the state become truly be a representation of the interests of the people. People’s democracy must also continuously improve the capacity of individual sovereignty and prioritize the interests of subordinate groups.

Social Justice

The key to realizing social justice is the equitable allocation and distribution of social resources and the environment (nature) that runs from the local, national to global level. This is to ensure a strong partiality towards the weakest groups in society, guarantee the fulfillment of basic human needs, the existence of guarantees for all citizens to have the freedom and opportunity to develop personal and social life, and also social and ecological responsibility. Included in the embodiment of social justice is respect for cultural pluralism, gender equality, indigenous peoples and justice between generations.

Sovereignty and Economic Independence
True political democracy must be built on the framework of sovereignty and independence in the control and management of living resources of the people or the base material that became the foundation of society and state governance. Tenure and management of people’s lives resources must be based on self-sufficient spirit and the collective power of the people’s creativity at the local level. State rights to ruled branches of vital production that are important to the state and dominate people’s lives on land, water, and natural resources for the fullest prosperity of the people, having its legitimacy if it’s dedicated to the interests of the basic rights of the citizens. People’s interests or basic rights of the people, especially in terms of access to land, water, and natural resources that contained therein shall be the primary mode and the ultimate goal of state control rights. Thus, the role of capital is secondary and complementary, not management substitutes by the people.

Environmental Sustainability

Environment is a unit of space with all the objects, resources, circumstances and living organisms, including humans and behaviors that affect sustainable livelihood and welfare of human beings and other living creatures. One of the most important components of environmental sustainability and a prerequisite for livelihood and human well-being is nature. Nature ensures the fulfillment of their needs and be a space of human life. However, nature has its limitations for human life. For that we need to respect the integrity of ecosystems and assure their diversity as a prerequisite to support the continuity of human life. With it all at once there are guarantees for the current generation to establish well livelihood, and guarantee of future generations to enjoy the same quality of nature as well.


To create a new social order, PEOPLE have to UNITE, ORGANIZE AND OPPOSE. We therefore determined to build a mass base and tool of political struggle of the people named SAREKAT HIJAU INDONESIA (INDONESIAN GREEN UNION). To build the political power of the people, SAREKAT HIJAU INDONESIA wills direct major attention on strengthening the democratic mass movement or a community from the bottom on the basis of mutual common interests. SAREKAT HIJAU INDONESIA that will be built must be base on educated and critical massive mass, with a strong political awareness and ideology.

For that SAREKAT HIJAU INDONESIA will work in three legs cycles – educates, organize, mobilize. This cycle should be started from smallest section of political entity into greater political unity. Acceleration’s development of this political force will be driven and rely on the resistance’s energy that spread in the territories of the district, to find its momentum at the provincial, region and national levels. SAREKAT HIJAU INDONESIA will build a united front of progressive mass movement to strengthen the struggle of the Indonesian people that having a character of democratic national’s liberation.

Having democratic liberation character due to this struggle that must uproot the dominant political-economic power which undemocratic and oppressive within the country such as the power of political oligarchy which act as a continuation form of feudalism (beside its patriarchal, racist attitudes, militarism, thuggery, etc.) as well as the national liberation character because of this national struggle has to eradicate the political, economic, and cultural of imperialism exploitation.