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A global climate policy – thoughts for Xmas

by Kennedy Graham

These past five weeks, I have visited Europe studying climate policy.  I attended the UN’s 19th climate conference, UNFCCC COP-19, in Warsaw.  After Poland, I visited Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, United Kingdom and European Union (Brussels).  And I retraced my UN steps to the Middle East (Jordan) and spoke with leaders there as well.

English

The EU’s climate policy – swimming against the tide

by Kennedy Graham

I have argued earlier that the EU is leading the world on climate record and policy.  It is.  The EU-27’s emissions dropped 16% from 5.6 Gt. in 1990 to 4.7 Gt. in 2010, where ours rose 22%.  Its targets are better than others, and its policies are serious and rational.

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Regional/National climate policy – 4. European Union

by Kennedy Graham

They are not perfect but they lead the world in climate policy.

If humanity rescues itself from dangerous – or worse, catastrophic – climate change, it will not be because of the US, or the BRICs (Brazil, Russia, India, China) or CANZ (Canada, Australia, NZ).  It will be because of the EU.

Before the defining 1992 Rio Earth Summit, the Europeans were active.

-    It was Sweden that convened the first UN environment summit, back in ’72.

English

地區/國家氣候政策(四)─歐盟

Undefined

National climate policy – 4. United Kingdom

by Kennedy Graham

And what of the UK?

-    In 1990, Britain’s gross emissions were 773 Mt.  New Zealand’s were 60 Mt.

-    In 2011, Britain’s were 550 Mt., a drop of 29%.   New Zealand’s were 76 Mt., an increase of 27%.

-    For 2027, Britain’s are budgeted (in law) to be 390 Mt. on average, and probably less, a drop (from 1990) of 50%.  New Zealand’s are projected to be about 98 Mt. (allowing for some leeway on forestry), an increase of 63%.

English

國家氣候變遷政策: 英國

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National Climate Policy – 2. Sweden

by Kennedy Graham

Under the traditional CBDR/RC principles, plus the latest phrases conceived in Warsaw and growing fast – ‘bounded flexibility’, spectrum of commitments’, ‘equity reference framework’, ‘fair contributions’, what of the national policies of Sweden and New Zealand?

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National Climate Policy – 3. Norway

And what of Norway?

It’s oil on troubled waters. Norway has the oil. And it has hydro. Both are, to some extent, problematic.

Oil makes it rich – what some say is the ‘divided economy’. There is the oil-driven part that revs up prices (a dinner out for two in Oslo is over 50% higher than Wellington or Auckland). And there is the traditional rural economy of agriculture and fishing, which doesn’t.

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